Guru Gobind Singh was the only son of the ninth Sikh guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur. His mother’s name was Mata Gujri. He was born on December 22, 1666, in Patna, Bihar India. His original name was Gobind Rai. Guru Gobind Singh was a spiritual leader, philosopher, great warrior, and a port, and was the tenth and the last Sikh Guru. As this calendar is former in the present day, his 356th birth anniversary will be celebrated on December 29 this year.
Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s Background
His father, Guru Teg Bahadur, had sacrificed his own life to protect the freedom of religion for Hindus, who were being threatened with conversion or death by zealous Muslim rulers. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji went along with the Pandits to Delhi and meet the Mughal king. He would refuse to convert to Islam despite constant pressure as a result of which he was put to death. Guru Gobind Singh Ji was just 11 years but was proud of his father’s sacrifice.
Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s Main Contribution
The 10th Guru is an inspiration to millions of people all over the world for his thoughts against oppression and social discrimination. Guru Gobind Singh Ji has contributed the most to the Sikh community but his most important contributions include writing the important texts of Sikhism and holding Guru Granth Sahib, the religious scripture of Sikhism, as the eternal living Guru of the Sikhs.
He was inspired to write many powerful spiritual compositions, including Jaap Sahib, but did not include them in the Guru Granth Sahib. His writings have instead been collected separately, called the Dasam Granth.
Guru Gobind Singh founded the Khalsa Panth on Baisakhi, a spring festival celebrated among the Sikhs.
Guru Gobind Singh and the Five K’s
Guru Gobind Singh commanded the Sikh to wear five items all the time which include Kesh, Kangha, Kara, Kachera, and Kirpan. The Khalsa warriors had to follow a code of discipline that was introduced by Guru Gobind Singh. The oath towards the five Ks symbolizes the person’s complete and undivided dedication and devotion to the Supreme.
He prohibited them from doing adultery, fornication, eating tobacco, and the consumption of halal meat.
Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s Death
Bahadur Shah wanted to meet Guru Gobind Singh in person and reconcile with him. But 2 Afghans by the name of Jamshed Khan and Wasil Beg enter the camp and Jamshed Khan on the banks of River Godavari, stabbed Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Guru Gobind Singh Ji retaliated and killed Jamshed Khan while Wasil Beg was killed by the other guards. On October 7, 1708, Guru Gobind Singh passed away as the last Sikh Guru.