India is set to become the world’s most populous country this year, overtaking China with its 1.4 billion population according to the United Nations. This comes months after the United Nations confirmed in November that the world population touched the historic number of 8 billion people.
India is among the eight countries expected to be responsible for more than half the projected increase in global population upto 2050. Uttar Pradesh is the country’s most populated state with a projected population of 230 million people. On the other hand, Lakshadweep is the least populated, with only 68,000 people.
According to New Indian Express, India currently has 1.39 billion people compared to China’s 1.41 billion. India is also adding 86,000 to its population daily as against China’s 49,400. Only a fourth of China’s population is under the age of 25, as per Fox News.
The use of family planning methods in India increased from 53.5 percent in 2015-16 to 66.67 percent in 2019-21. India’s total fertility rate – the number of children per woman – fell to 2 in 2019-2021, down from 3.4 in 1992-93.
India, which will surpass China as the world’s most populous nation by 2023, is projected to have a population of 1.668 billion in 2050, way ahead of China’s 1.317 billion people by the middle of the century. The report added that it is estimated that ten countries experienced a net outflow of more than 1 million migrants between 2010 and 2021.