Cancer is a leading cause of death globally, which kills around 10 million people around the globe, according to the World Health Organization. Over the past two decades, cancer research has led to significant improvements in cancer prevention, early detection, screening and treatment.
Here are 5 top cancer research breakthroughs of the decade
1. Screening programs saving lives
The study found improvements in cancers where we have national screening programs, bowel and cervical, which play a major role in reducing the incidence and mortality rates. For breast cancer, screening of women in Australia aged 50-69 years has reduced the mortality rate by 21-28%.
2. Artificial intelligence fights cancer
World Economic Forum partners are using emerging technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning to transform cancer care. For example, AI-based risk profiling can help to screen for common cancers like breast cancer, leading to early diagnosis.
3. Targeted Immunotherapies
Immunotherapies harness the power of your immune system to attack cancer cells. Targeted immunotherapies are showing great promise for multiple types of cancer. CAR T cell therapy, the process of reengineering a patient’s own immune cells to attack cancer, is a true breakthrough in immunotherapy. This therapy has already received Food and Drug Administration approval to treat blood cancers, and it holds enormous promise for the treatment of solid tumors
4. Increasing Diversity in Clinical Trials
People of different races, ethnicities, ages and sexual orientations have varying physical, genetic and environmental factors and vulnerabilities that come into play with diseases. Scientists are studying how diverse populations have different risk factors for and are affected differently by prostate, lung, skin, breast, colon and other cancers, as well as other diseases.
5. Clues in the DNA of cancer
By analyzing genomic data, oncologists are identifying different mutations that have contributed to each person’s cancer. For example, exposure to smoking or UV light, or internal malfunctions in cells. By analyzing genomic data, oncologists are identifying different mutations that have contributed to each person’s cancer.