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JN.1 Variant Of COVID-19 Detected In Kerala: Symptoms And Precautions

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On December 8, the new JN.1 variant of COVID-19 was identified in Karakulam, Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala. This variant, a descendant of the Pirola variant, has been making headlines since its detection in the United States and China. 

The JN.1 Variant in Kerala:

The JN.1 variant, traced back to Pirola and BA.2.86, surfaced in Karakulam, Kerala, in a case identified on December 8. The affected individual, a 79-year-old woman, experienced mild symptoms categorized as Influenza Like Illness (ILI) and has since recovered. With only a single mutation in the spike protein compared to its predecessors, JN.1 exhibits high transmissibility, emphasizing the need for preventive measures despite the mild symptoms it presents.

Covid-19 variant JN.1 detected in Kerala: All you need to know about it -

Source: India Today

Understanding the JN.1 Strain:

Dr. Tushar Tayal, Lead Consultant in Internal Medicine at CK Birla Hospital, Gurugram, explains that JN.1, first discovered in the USA in September, shares similarities with previous Omicron strains. It is crucial to note that the spike protein mutation, responsible for increased infectivity and potential immune evasion, is a distinctive feature of JN.1. However, Dr. Tayal reassures that existing vaccines targeting the spike protein should remain effective against this variant.

Amid Detection Of Covid-19 Variant JN.1 In Kerala, China Says No Unknown  Viruses Found | India News

Source: Zee News

Symptoms and Prevalence:

JN.1 now constitutes a significant portion of COVID-19 cases in the United States, ranging from 15% to 29%. Despite its heightened infectivity and transmissibility, the symptoms associated with JN.1 remain relatively mild. Fever, runny nose, sore throat, headache, cough, and occasional mild gastrointestinal symptoms have been reported. Importantly, there is no notable increase in hospitalization rates linked to this variant.

Covid 19: COVID-19 sub-strain JN.1 detected in Kerala woman, Health News,

Source: ET Health World

Preventive Measures and Recommendations:

To curb the spread of JN.1 and protect vulnerable populations, health experts advocate proactive preventive measures. Dr. Tayal emphasizes the importance of frequent hand sanitization, the use of triple-layer masks, and adherence to social distancing guidelines. In addition, experts are urging individuals to prioritize booster shots, reinforcing the efficacy of vaccination in mitigating the impact of emerging variants.

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